TWEETS

Full retail credit with no subtractions. Customers protected from fees and additional charges. Rules actively encourage use of DG.

A

Generally good net metering policies with full retail credit, but there could be certain fees or costs that detract from full retail equivalent value. There may be some obstacles to net metering.

B

Adequate net metering rules, but there could be some significant fees or other obstacles that undercut the value or make the process of net metering more difficult.

C

Poor net metering policies with substantial charges or other hindrances. Many customers will forgo an opportunity to install DG because net metering rules subtract substantial economic value.

D

Net metering policies that deter customer-sited DG.

F

No Statewide Policy

N/A

alabama

F

alaska

C

arizona

A

arkansas

A

california

A

colorado

A

connecticut

A

delaware

A

Dist. of Columbia

A

florida

B

georgia

F

hawaii

F

idaho

D

illinois

B

indiana

B

iowa

B

kansas

C

kentucky

B

louisiana

B

maine

B

maryland

A

massachusetts

A

michigan

B

minnesota

A

mississippi

F

missouri

B

montana

C

nebraska

B

nevada

F

new hampshire

A

new jersey

A

new mexico

B

new york

A

north carolina

C

north dakota

D

ohio

A

oklahoma

F

oregon

A

pennsylvania

A

puerto rico

N/A

rhode island

A

south carolina

B

south dakota

F

tennessee

F

texas

F

utah

A

vermont

A

virginia

C

west virginia

A

wisconsin

D

wyoming

D

  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Pennsylvania

ANet Metering BInterconnection
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • D
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Waste Coal, Coal-Mine Methane, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government, Agricultural, Institutional

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

5 MW for microgrid and emergency systems; 3 MW for non-residential; 50 kW for residential

Aggregate Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Net Excess Generation

Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate; reconciled at end of year at "price-to-compare"

REC Ownership

Customer owns RECs

Meter Aggregation

Virtual meter aggregation allowed

recommendations

  • Expand net metering to include all utilities (i.e., munis and co-ops)

notes

Pennsylvanias policy is one of the best in the country. It has high individual system capacity limits with no aggregate limit; explicitly allows meter aggregation, virtual meter aggregation and third-party ownership of systems; affirms that RECs belong to system owners; and contains strong _safe harborî provisions. It does not, however, allow NEG credits to roll over indefinitely, and it does not explicitly allow shared renewables. In February 2014, the Pennsylvania PUC initiated a proposed rulemaking that would revise its Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (AEPS) regulations, which include net-metering regulations. Among other things, the PUCs proposed revisions tighten the available of virtual net metering, establish an approval process for proposed systems exceeding 500 kW, and specify that net-metered systems must serve an independent load.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Waste Coal, Coal-Mine Methane, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government, Agricultural, Institutional

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

5 MW for microgrid and emergency systems; 3 MW for non-residential; 50 kW for residential

Aggregate Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Net Excess Generation

Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate; reconciled at end of year at "price-to-compare"

REC Ownership

Customer owns RECs

Meter Aggregation

Virtual meter aggregation allowed

recommendations

  • Expand net metering to include all utilities (i.e., munis and co-ops)

notes

Pennsylvanias policy is one of the best in the country. It has high individual system capacity limits with no aggregate limit; explicitly allows meter aggregation, virtual meter aggregation and third-party ownership of systems; affirms that RECs belong to system owners; and contains strong _safe harborî provisions. It does not, however, allow NEG credits to roll over indefinitely, and it does not explicitly allow shared renewables. In February 2014, the Pennsylvania PUC initiated a proposed rulemaking that would revise its Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (AEPS) regulations, which include net-metering regulations. Among other things, the PUCs proposed revisions tighten the available of virtual net metering, establish an approval process for proposed systems exceeding 500 kW, and specify that net-metered systems must serve an independent load.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Waste Coal, Coal-Mine Methane, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government, Agricultural

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

5 MW (seek utility guidance for systems above 2MW)

Standard Agreement

N/A

Insurance Requirements

N/A

External Disconnect Switch

N/A

Net Metering Required

Applications and agreements accepted electronically; Insurance Waived for Generators up to 25 kW; Dispute resolution process adopted to address disputes

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch for customers of investor owned utilities. Expand interconnection procedures to all utilities (i.e., munis and co-ops)

notes

Pennsylvanias policy is one of the best in the country. It has high individual system capacity limits with no aggregate limit; explicitly allows meter aggregation, virtual meter aggregation and third-party ownership of systems; affirms that RECs belong to system owners; and contains strong _safe harborî provisions. It does not, however, allow NEG credits to roll over indefinitely, and it does not explicitly allow shared renewables. In February 2014, the Pennsylvania PUC initiated a proposed rulemaking that would revise its Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (AEPS) regulations, which include net-metering regulations. Among other things, the PUCs proposed revisions tighten the available of virtual net metering, establish an approval process for proposed systems exceeding 500 kW, and specify that net-metered systems must serve an independent load.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Waste Coal, Coal-Mine Methane, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government, Agricultural

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

5 MW (seek utility guidance for systems above 2MW)

Bonus

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch for customers of investor owned utilities. Expand interconnection procedures to all utilities (i.e., munis and co-ops)

notes

Pennsylvanias policy is one of the best in the country. It has high individual system capacity limits with no aggregate limit; explicitly allows meter aggregation, virtual meter aggregation and third-party ownership of systems; affirms that RECs belong to system owners; and contains strong _safe harborî provisions. It does not, however, allow NEG credits to roll over indefinitely, and it does not explicitly allow shared renewables. In February 2014, the Pennsylvania PUC initiated a proposed rulemaking that would revise its Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (AEPS) regulations, which include net-metering regulations. Among other things, the PUCs proposed revisions tighten the available of virtual net metering, establish an approval process for proposed systems exceeding 500 kW, and specify that net-metered systems must serve an independent load.