TWEETS

Full retail credit with no subtractions. Customers protected from fees and additional charges. Rules actively encourage use of DG.

A

Generally good net metering policies with full retail credit, but there could be certain fees or costs that detract from full retail equivalent value. There may be some obstacles to net metering.

B

Adequate net metering rules, but there could be some significant fees or other obstacles that undercut the value or make the process of net metering more difficult.

C

Poor net metering policies with substantial charges or other hindrances. Many customers will forgo an opportunity to install DG because net metering rules subtract substantial economic value.

D

Net metering policies that deter customer-sited DG.

F

No Statewide Policy

N/A

alabama

F

alaska

C

arizona

A

arkansas

A

california

A

colorado

A

connecticut

A

delaware

A

Dist. of Columbia

A

florida

B

georgia

F

hawaii

F

idaho

D

illinois

B

indiana

B

iowa

B

kansas

C

kentucky

B

louisiana

B

maine

B

maryland

A

massachusetts

A

michigan

B

minnesota

A

mississippi

F

missouri

B

montana

C

nebraska

B

nevada

F

new hampshire

A

new jersey

A

new mexico

B

new york

A

north carolina

C

north dakota

D

ohio

A

oklahoma

F

oregon

A

pennsylvania

A

puerto rico

N/A

rhode island

A

south carolina

B

south dakota

F

tennessee

F

texas

F

utah

A

vermont

A

virginia

C

west virginia

A

wisconsin

D

wyoming

D

  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

Minnesota

ANet Metering CInterconnection
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • C
  • D
  • C
  • B
  • F
  • C
  • B
  • B
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • C
  • F
  • F
  • D
  • D
  • F
  • C
  • C
  • C
  • C
  • C

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential

Applicable Utilities

All utilities

System Capacity Limit

1MW for investor-owned utilities; 40 kW for other utilities

Aggregate Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Net Excess Generation

Reconciled monthly; customer may elect to take compensation as a payment or as a bill credit at the retail utility energy rate

REC Ownership

Not addressed

Meter Aggregation

Allowed

recommendations

  • Remove system size limitations to allow customers to meet all on-site energy needs Adopt safe harbor language to protect all (current set at 40 kW and below) customer-sited generators from extra and/or unanticipated fees

notes

Minnesota dramatically improved its net metering law with 2013 legislation, resulting in a similarly dramatic increase in its Freeing the Grid score. Among the changes was a modification to the safe harbor clause, which now only permits standby charges to be assessed on customers with distribution generation facilities larger than 100 kW (increased from 40 kW under the prior law). In 2014 the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission further reduced the potential impact of standby charges by finding that customers with solar PV facilities should receive a capacity credit of $5.15/kW against the standby charges, based on studies of the effective load carrying capability of solar PV facilities. Thus for 2014 Minnesota receives a small (+0.5) bonus which recognizes that while some customers may be subject to standby charges, the charge accounts for the unique beneficial capacity value provided by solar PV installations.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential

Applicable Utilities

All utilities

System Capacity Limit

1MW for investor-owned utilities; 40 kW for other utilities

Aggregate Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Net Excess Generation

Reconciled monthly; customer may elect to take compensation as a payment or as a bill credit at the retail utility energy rate

REC Ownership

Not addressed

Meter Aggregation

Allowed

recommendations

  • Remove system size limitations to allow customers to meet all on-site energy needs Adopt safe harbor language to protect all (current set at 40 kW and below) customer-sited generators from extra and/or unanticipated fees

notes

Minnesota dramatically improved its net metering law with 2013 legislation, resulting in a similarly dramatic increase in its Freeing the Grid score. Among the changes was a modification to the safe harbor clause, which now only permits standby charges to be assessed on customers with distribution generation facilities larger than 100 kW (increased from 40 kW under the prior law). In 2014 the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission further reduced the potential impact of standby charges by finding that customers with solar PV facilities should receive a capacity credit of $5.15/kW against the standby charges, based on studies of the effective load carrying capability of solar PV facilities. Thus for 2014 Minnesota receives a small (+0.5) bonus which recognizes that while some customers may be subject to standby charges, the charge accounts for the unique beneficial capacity value provided by solar PV installations.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Microturbines, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government

Applicable Utilities

All utilities

System Capacity Limit

10 MW

Standard Agreement

N/A

Insurance Requirements

N/A

External Disconnect Switch

N/A

Net Metering Required

Dispute resolution process adopted to address disputes; Standardized interconnection agreement adopted that applies to all utilities

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch Prohibit requirements for additional insurance Further delineate tiers to accommodate different levels of complexity among system types and sizes

notes

Minnesota dramatically improved its net metering law with 2013 legislation, resulting in a similarly dramatic increase in its Freeing the Grid score. Among the changes was a modification to the safe harbor clause, which now only permits standby charges to be assessed on customers with distribution generation facilities larger than 100 kW (increased from 40 kW under the prior law). In 2014 the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission further reduced the potential impact of standby charges by finding that customers with solar PV facilities should receive a capacity credit of $5.15/kW against the standby charges, based on studies of the effective load carrying capability of solar PV facilities. Thus for 2014 Minnesota receives a small (+0.5) bonus which recognizes that while some customers may be subject to standby charges, the charge accounts for the unique beneficial capacity value provided by solar PV installations.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Microturbines, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, State Government, Fed. Government

Applicable Utilities

All utilities

System Capacity Limit

10 MW

Bonus

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch Prohibit requirements for additional insurance Further delineate tiers to accommodate different levels of complexity among system types and sizes

notes

Minnesota dramatically improved its net metering law with 2013 legislation, resulting in a similarly dramatic increase in its Freeing the Grid score. Among the changes was a modification to the safe harbor clause, which now only permits standby charges to be assessed on customers with distribution generation facilities larger than 100 kW (increased from 40 kW under the prior law). In 2014 the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission further reduced the potential impact of standby charges by finding that customers with solar PV facilities should receive a capacity credit of $5.15/kW against the standby charges, based on studies of the effective load carrying capability of solar PV facilities. Thus for 2014 Minnesota receives a small (+0.5) bonus which recognizes that while some customers may be subject to standby charges, the charge accounts for the unique beneficial capacity value provided by solar PV installations.