TWEETS

Full retail credit with no subtractions. Customers protected from fees and additional charges. Rules actively encourage use of DG.

A

Generally good net metering policies with full retail credit, but there could be certain fees or costs that detract from full retail equivalent value. There may be some obstacles to net metering.

B

Adequate net metering rules, but there could be some significant fees or other obstacles that undercut the value or make the process of net metering more difficult.

C

Poor net metering policies with substantial charges or other hindrances. Many customers will forgo an opportunity to install DG because net metering rules subtract substantial economic value.

D

Net metering policies that deter customer-sited DG.

F

No Statewide Policy

N/A

alabama

F

alaska

C

arizona

F

arkansas

A

california

A

colorado

A

connecticut

A

delaware

A

Dist. of Columbia

A

florida

B

georgia

F

hawaii

F

idaho

C

illinois

A

indiana

B

iowa

B

kansas

C

kentucky

B

louisiana

C

maine

B

maryland

A

massachusetts

A

michigan

B

minnesota

B

mississippi

F

missouri

B

montana

C

nebraska

B

nevada

F

new hampshire

A

new jersey

A

new mexico

B

new york

A

north carolina

C

north dakota

D

ohio

A

oklahoma

F

oregon

A

pennsylvania

A

puerto rico

N/A

rhode island

A

south carolina

B

south dakota

F

tennessee

F

texas

F

utah

A

vermont

B

virginia

C

west virginia

A

wisconsin

D

wyoming

D

  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017

California

ANet Metering AInterconnection
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • A
  • B
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • C
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • B
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A
  • A

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Photovoltaics, Wind, Fuel Cells, Biogas from manure methane production or as a byproduct of the anaerobic digestion of biosolids and animal waste

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Agricultural

Applicable Utilities

All utilities (except LADWP): solar and wind;Investor-owned utilities: solar, wind, biogas and fuel

System Capacity Limit

1 MW

Aggregate Capacity Limit

5% of aggregate customer peak demand

Net Excess Generation

Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate. After 12-month cycle, customer may opt to roll over credit indefinitely or to receive payment for credit.

REC Ownership

Customer owns RECs. If customer receives payment for remaining net excess generation at the end of a 12 month cycle, utility owns the RECs associated with the net excess electricity purchased.

Meter Aggregation

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove system size limitations to allow customers to meet all on-site energy needs

notes

California’s original net metering law was enacted in 1996 and subsequent amendments have increased the eligible technologies and established fee structures, resulting in the current system. All utilities are subject to net metering rules except for publicly-owned utilities with 750,000 or more customers that also provide water (only the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power fits this description). Publicly-owned utilities can choose to incorporate a time-of-use rate schedule. Customers retain ownership of all RECs. Furthermore, no additional charges or fees are allowed. Beginning in 2009, California was also one of the first states to allow virtual net metering for multi-family affordable housing units and municipalities. Legislation enacted in 2010 raised the aggregate net metering limit to 5.0% of the utility's aggregate customer peak demand. California’s Rule 21 governs the interconnection process. Rule 21, adopted in 2000, is significantly different from the FERC standards in that Rule 21 does not include separate levels of interconnection. Rather, all applications enter the process at the same point and then drop out according to complexity. The California Solar Initiative has set a goal of installing 3,000 MW by 2017.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Photovoltaics, Wind, Fuel Cells, Biogas from manure methane production or as a byproduct of the anaerobic digestion of biosolids and animal waste

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential, Agricultural

Applicable Utilities

All utilities (except LADWP): solar and wind;Investor-owned utilities: solar, wind, biogas and fuel

System Capacity Limit

1 MW

Aggregate Capacity Limit

5% of aggregate customer peak demand

Net Excess Generation

Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate. After 12-month cycle, customer may opt to roll over credit indefinitely or to receive payment for credit.

REC Ownership

Customer owns RECs. If customer receives payment for remaining net excess generation at the end of a 12 month cycle, utility owns the RECs associated with the net excess electricity purchased.

Meter Aggregation

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove system size limitations to allow customers to meet all on-site energy needs

notes

California’s original net metering law was enacted in 1996 and subsequent amendments have increased the eligible technologies and established fee structures, resulting in the current system. All utilities are subject to net metering rules except for publicly-owned utilities with 750,000 or more customers that also provide water (only the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power fits this description). Publicly-owned utilities can choose to incorporate a time-of-use rate schedule. Customers retain ownership of all RECs. Furthermore, no additional charges or fees are allowed. Beginning in 2009, California was also one of the first states to allow virtual net metering for multi-family affordable housing units and municipalities. Legislation enacted in 2010 raised the aggregate net metering limit to 5.0% of the utility's aggregate customer peak demand. California’s Rule 21 governs the interconnection process. Rule 21, adopted in 2000, is significantly different from the FERC standards in that Rule 21 does not include separate levels of interconnection. Rather, all applications enter the process at the same point and then drop out according to complexity. The California Solar Initiative has set a goal of installing 3,000 MW by 2017.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Microturbines, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Standard Agreement

Applications and agreements accepted electronically; Dispute resolution process adopted to address disputes; Standardized interconnection agreement adopted that applies to all utilities

Insurance Requirements

N/A

External Disconnect Switch

N/A

Net Metering Required

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch Prohibit requirements for additional insurance

notes

California’s original net metering law was enacted in 1996 and subsequent amendments have increased the eligible technologies and established fee structures, resulting in the current system. All utilities are subject to net metering rules except for publicly-owned utilities with 750,000 or more customers that also provide water (only the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power fits this description). Publicly-owned utilities can choose to incorporate a time-of-use rate schedule. Customers retain ownership of all RECs. Furthermore, no additional charges or fees are allowed. Beginning in 2009, California was also one of the first states to allow virtual net metering for multi-family affordable housing units and municipalities. Legislation enacted in 2010 raised the aggregate net metering limit to 5.0% of the utility's aggregate customer peak demand. California’s Rule 21 governs the interconnection process. Rule 21, adopted in 2000, is significantly different from the FERC standards in that Rule 21 does not include separate levels of interconnection. Rather, all applications enter the process at the same point and then drop out according to complexity. The California Solar Initiative has set a goal of installing 3,000 MW by 2017.

Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies

Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Hydroelectric, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Municipal Solid Waste, CHP/Cogeneration, Microturbines, Other Distributed Generation Technologies

Applicable Sectors

Commercial, Industrial, Residential

Applicable Utilities

Investor-owned utilities

System Capacity Limit

No limit specified

Bonus

N/A

recommendations

  • Remove requirements for redundant external disconnect switch Prohibit requirements for additional insurance

notes

California’s original net metering law was enacted in 1996 and subsequent amendments have increased the eligible technologies and established fee structures, resulting in the current system. All utilities are subject to net metering rules except for publicly-owned utilities with 750,000 or more customers that also provide water (only the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power fits this description). Publicly-owned utilities can choose to incorporate a time-of-use rate schedule. Customers retain ownership of all RECs. Furthermore, no additional charges or fees are allowed. Beginning in 2009, California was also one of the first states to allow virtual net metering for multi-family affordable housing units and municipalities. Legislation enacted in 2010 raised the aggregate net metering limit to 5.0% of the utility's aggregate customer peak demand. California’s Rule 21 governs the interconnection process. Rule 21, adopted in 2000, is significantly different from the FERC standards in that Rule 21 does not include separate levels of interconnection. Rather, all applications enter the process at the same point and then drop out according to complexity. The California Solar Initiative has set a goal of installing 3,000 MW by 2017.